The political contributions of daniel webster in the united states

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The political contributions of daniel webster in the united states

Youth and early career

He and his nine siblings grew up on their parents' farm, a small parcel of land granted to his father. His ancestors were among the early settlers of Salisbury.

He was chosen Fourth of July orator in Hanoverthe college town, inand in his speech appears the substance of the political principles for the development of which he became famous. In Webster began as the headmaster of the Fryeburg AcademyMainewhere he served for one year.

In he left New Hampshire and got a position in Boston under the prominent attorney Christopher Gore. He returned to New Hampshire to set up a practice in Boscawenin part to be near his ailing father. Webster became increasingly interested in politics; raised by an ardently Federalist father and taught by a predominantly Federalist-leaning faculty at DartmouthWebster, like many New Englanders, supported Federalism.

He began to speak locally in support of Federalist causes and candidates. Webster moved to the larger town of Portsmouth inand opened a practice.

As New England relied on commerce with the two nations, the region strongly opposed Jefferson's attempt at "peaceable coercion. Eventually the trouble with England escalated into the War of That same year, Daniel Webster gave an address to the Washington Benevolent Society, a speech that proved critical to his career.

The speech condemned the war and the violation of New England's shipping rights that preceded it, but it also strongly denounced the extremism of those more radical among the unhappy New Englanders who were beginning to call for the region's secession from the Union.

He was a member of the drafting committee and was chosen to compose the Rockingham Memorial to be sent to Madison. The report included much of the same tone and opinions held in the Washington Society address, except that, uncharacteristically for its chief architect, it alluded to the threat of secession saying, "If a separation of the states shall ever take place, it will be, on some occasion, when one portion of the country undertakes to control, to regulate, and to sacrifice the interest of another.

He was an outspoken critic of the Madison administration and its wartime policies, denouncing its efforts at financing the war through paper money and in " one of [his] most eloquent efforts" [13] opposing Secretary of War James Monroe 's conscription proposal.

In an attempt to secure greater financial success for himself and his family he had married Grace Fletcher inwith whom he had four childrenhe moved his practice from Portsmouth to Boston.

It is the case not merely of that humble institution, it is the case of every college in our land Sir, you may destroy this little institution; it is weak; it is in your hands!

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I know it is one of the lesser lights in the literary horizon of our country. You may put it out. But if you do so you must carry through your work! You must extinguish, one after another, all those greater lights of science which for more than a century have thrown their radiance over our land. It is, sir, as I have said, a small college.

And yet there are those who love it! Woodward Webster was hailed as the leading constitutional scholar of his generation and probably had more influence on the powerful Marshall Court than any other advocate had.

But, even more, Webster played an important role in eight of the most celebrated constitutional cases decided by the Court between and In many of these—particularly in Dartmouth College v. Woodward and Gibbons v. Ogden — the Supreme Court handed down decisions based largely on Webster's arguments.

Marshall's most famous declaration, "the power to tax is the power to destroy," in McCulloch v. Marylandwas in fact lifted from Webster's presentation against the state of Maryland: As a result, many people began calling him the Great Expounder of the Constitution. He came to national prominence, however, as counsel in a number of important Supreme Court cases.

InWebster was retained by the Federalist trustees of his alma mater, Dartmouth Collegeto represent them in their case against the newly elected New Hampshire Democratic-Republican state legislature. The legislature had passed new laws converting Dartmouth into a state institution, by changing the size of the college's trustee body and adding a further board of overseers, which they put into the hands of the state senate.

Webster argued Dartmouth College v. The Marshall courtcontinuing with its history of limiting states' rights and reaffirming the supremacy of the Constitutional protection of contract, ruled in favor of Webster and Dartmouth 3—1.

This decided that corporations did not, as many then held, have to justify their privileges by acting in the public interest, but were independent of the states. Marylandthe Cohens in Cohens v. Virginiaand Thomas Gibbons in Gibbons v. Ogdencases similar to Dartmouth in the court's application of a broad interpretation of the Constitution and strengthening of the federal courts' power to constrain the states, which have since been used to justify wide powers for the federal government.

The political contributions of daniel webster in the united states

Webster's handling of these cases made him one of the era's leading constitutional lawyers, as well as one of the most highly paid. There he spoke in opposition to universal suffrage for menon the Federalist grounds that power naturally follows propertyand the vote should be limited accordingly; but the constitution was amended against his advice.grand total of contributions Daniel Webster has reported in the current election cycle.

Number of Contributions from Individuals (of $ or more): Top 20 contributors to Campaign Committee. A United States presidential nominating convention is a political convention held every four years in the United States by most of the political parties who will be fielding nominees in the upcoming U.S.

presidential election. Daniel Alan Webster (born April 27, ) is an American politician who has been a member of the United States House of Representatives since Webster, a Republican from Florida, represents Florida's 11th district since after having previously represented Florida's 8th congressional district and 10th district.

The political contributions of daniel webster in the united states

An official website of the United States Government Federal Election Commission | United States of America. Calendar; › WEBSTER, DANIEL WEBSTER, DANIEL. Candidate for House Florida - 11 ID: H0FL REPUBLICAN PARTY. Unitemized individual contributions $59, Party .

Daniel Alan Webster (born April 27, ) is an American politician who has been a member of the United States House of Representatives since Webster, a Republican from Florida, represents Florida's 11th district since after having previously represented Florida's 8th congressional district and 10th district.

Congressman Daniel Webster is committed to serving the citizens of Central Florida with honor and integrity. For nearly three decades, he has fought on behalf of Florida's hardworking taxpayers and families to advance common-sense reforms and principled policy.

Daniel Webster - Wikipedia