Capital crimes when punished with death. When punished by death, or at discretion of the court. Punishment of slaves for striking white persons. When the striking a white person justifiable.
Slaves did not accept their fate without protest. Many instances of rebellion were known to Americans, even in colonial times. These rebellions were not confined to the South. In fact, one of the earliest examples of a slave uprising was in in Manhattan. The laws were known as slave codes.
Although each colony had differing ideas about the rights of slaves, there were some common threads in slave codes across areas where slavery was common. Legally considered property, slaves were not allowed to own property of their own.
They were not allowed to assemble Slave codes the presence of a white person. Slaves that lived off the plantation were subject to special curfews.
In the courts, a slave accused of any crime against a white person was doomed. No testimony could be made by a slave against a white person. Of course, slaves were conspicuously absent from juries as well.
Slave codes had ruinous effects on African American society. It was illegal to teach a slave to read or write. Religious motives sometimes prevailed, however, as many devout white Christians educated slaves to enable the reading of the Bible. These same Christians did not recognize marriage between slaves in their laws.
This made it easier to justify the breakup of families by selling one if its members to another owner. As time passed and the numbers of African Americans in the New World increased, so did the fears of their white captors.
With each new rebellion, the slave codes became ever more strict, further abridging the already limited rights and privileges this oppressed people might hope to enjoy.
Race, Religion, and the "Trail of Tears" When the first Africans arrived in Jamestown inEuropeans were already treating native Americans as slaves. Intermarriage between Africans and native Americans became so common, that a South Carolina slave code specifically addressed the status of mixed race children.
The law served as a model for codes in other colonies. This webpage from PBS provides a brief overview and links to related topics.
Report broken link African slave men outnumbered women 3 to 1, and native American men had been killed off by disease and in war. Intermarriage allowed each group to benefit from the surplus of the opposite sex.
But what of the children of those marriages — were they slave or free?Slave code: Slave code, in U.S. history, any of the set of rules based on the concept that slaves were property, not persons. Inherent in the institution of slavery were certain social controls, which slave owners amplified with laws to protect not only the property but also the property owner from the danger.
Slave code, in U.S. history, any of the set of rules based on the concept that slaves were property, not persons.
Inherent in the institution of slavery were certain social controls, which slave owners amplified with laws to protect not only the property but also the property owner from the danger of slave violence. Slave Law in the Americas. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, E-mail Citation» Asserts the centrality of understanding Roman law and its impact upon the slave codes created by the Spanish in the Caribbean, supporting an interpretation of slavery as somewhat humane due to the ameliorative aspects of slavery under Roman rule.
Slave codes in the northern colonies, before slavery was abolished, were less harsh than slave codes in the southern colonies but contained many similar provisions, such as forbidding slaves from leaving the owner's land, forbidding whites from selling alcohol to slaves, .
Since the slave codes were inspired by the fear of Blacks, it’s not surprising that the most cruel and inhumane punishments were reserved for those who most rejected slavery.
Nat Turner was inspired by visions of the Spirit to lead a slave uprising in Virginia on August 22, Although each colony had differing ideas about the rights of slaves, there were some common threads in slave codes across areas where slavery was common.
Legally considered property, slaves were.