This practice is similar to many developing countries, but different from developed countries such as the United States that adjust poverty line on an incremental basis per additional household member. In India, households may include surviving grandparents, parents and children. They typically do not incur any or significant rent expenses every month particularly in rural India, unlike housing in mostly urban developed economies. The cost of food and other essentials are shared within the household by its members in both cases.
A general scarcity of basic necessities of life is called poverty. The basic necessities include food, shelter, clothing, healthcare, sanitation, etc.
This is a condition of inequality compared to the general population of the society. Poverty as seen by social scientists: Income and level of consumption are the usual indicators of poverty.
But many social scientists view poverty from many other parameters; like illiteracy, lack of general resistance due to malnutrition, lack of access to safe drinking water and sanitation, etc.
Poverty also results in social exclusion of the affected population. A poor person is usually barred from enjoying certain basic pleasures of life which the people in the mainstream society are able to enjoy.
Many people are not allowed to participate in various social functions because they are poor. In India, there has been a history of social exclusion on the basis of caste.
People from the lower caste and dalit classes were excluded from the mainstream society mainly because they had been poor. Vulnerability Certain communities are more vulnerable to poverty than others. Data suggests that there is a larger percentage of poor among the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
Minorities are also more vulnerable to poverty. Similarly, women, widow and handicapped are more vulnerable groups. When a person has the least capability of withstanding various challenged towards his economic relevance, he can be termed as vulnerable to poverty.
Poverty Line Poverty line is usually defined on the basis of income or consumption. Different yardsticks are used in different countries to measure the poverty line.
This figure has been now raised to 1. According to report by the World Bank, As per figures; a family of five which is earning less than Rs. This figure is Rs. The expected calorie intake has been fixed at calories per person in rural areas and calories in urban areas.
A person consuming less than this amount is considered to be living below the poverty line. According to Development Goals Report ofIndia is the only Asian country which is expected to half its number of poor people by Poverty is the scarcity or the lack of a certain (variant) amount of material possessions or money.
Poverty is a multifaceted concept, which may include social, economic, and political elements. Absolute poverty, extreme poverty, or destitution refers to the complete lack of the means necessary to meet basic personal needs such as food, clothing and shelter. Challenges of urban poverty in India are intimately tied with challenges of the country’s fast development.
Indian cities have come to dominate the charts as the world’s biggest cities for the first time in modern history.
Free Essays on Poverty a Big Challenge For India. Get help with your writing. 1 through Poverty is a significant issue in India, despite being one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, clocked at a growth rate of % in , and a sizable consumer attheheels.com World Bank reviewed and proposed revisions on May , to its poverty calculation methodology and purchasing power parity basis for measuring poverty worldwide.
Poverty in India. Introduction: Poverty refers to a situation when people are deprived of basic necessities of attheheels.com is often characterized by inadequacy of food, shelter and clothes. In other words, poverty refers to a state of privation where there is a lack of essential needs for subsistence.
India has made remarkable strides at reducing poverty. Yet, 22 percent of the population or million people are lives below the poverty line. Here, we profile the characteristics of the poor.