The term has been deemed "misleading" by those who suggest all mainstream Muslims believe in the literal divine origin and perfection of the Quran and so are "fundamentalists",  and by others as a term used by outsiders to describe perceived trends within Islam. For fundamentalists the law is the most essential component of Islam, leading to an overwhelming emphasis upon jurisprudenceusually narrowly conceived. Khomeini never proposed the status of dhimmi protected for Iranian Christians or Jews, as provided for in the sharia:
The study is structured in nine sections,  which if read in conjunction with each other, draws a complete picture of ISIS. You can also download the study in PDF format here. During the almost nine years — the United States army was stationed in Iraq the Americans failed to establish effective Iraqi army and security forces to fill the newly-created security vacuum.
The branch of Al-Qaeda in Iraq, established inentered the security vacuum and took advantage of the increasing political-societal Sunni alienation: It became an important actor in the insurgent organizations fighting the American army, became stronger after the withdrawal of the American troops at the end ofand spread to Syria after the civil war began in March The first stage ended when Abu Musab al-Zarqawi was killed in an American targeted attack in June ISI was weakened towards the end of the American presence in Iraq following successful American military moves and a wise foreign policy that supported the Sunni population and knew how to win their hearts and minds.
The most prominent was the takeover of Mosul, the second largest city in Iraq. In September the United States declared a comprehensive campaign against ISIS, which is currently waging a fierce struggle against its many enemies both at home and abroad.
In ITIC assessment, historically speaking there are similarities between the results of the American invasion of Iraq, the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and the Israeli invasion of Lebanon.
In all three instances the invading country failed to establish a new political order or to stabilize an effective, supportive regime.
In effect all three invasions had a deleterious effect on the existing delicate politicalsocial fabric: ISIS, which developed from a branch of Al-Qaeda, has become strong in Iraq and Syria and today threatens the order and stability of the Middle East and the entire world.
Al-Zarqawi returned to Jordan in where he was detained and imprisoned in and released inat which point he went back to Afghanistan. After September 11,al-Zarqawi fled from Afghanistan and sought refuge in Iran. Inbefore the American entrance into Iraq, he went to the Kurdish region of northern Iraq.
While there he collaborated with a Kurdish jihadi Islamist organization called Ansar al-Islam, established in September which is still operative and belongs to the coalition in Iraq collaborating with ISIS.
After the Americans invaded Iraq in March he joined the insurgents fighting the United States and became a prominent figure until he was killed in a targeted American attack. In Arabic al-qaeda fi bilad al-rafidayn, Al-Qaeda in the country of the two rivers, i. It was the first branch Al-Qaeda established beyond the borders of Afghanistan and Pakistan.
With its founding, al-Zarqawi was no longer the leader of a local Islamic jihadi organization but rather had become the official representative of Al-Qaeda in Iraq, and later one of the prominent terrorists among the global jihad networks. The jihad network al-Zarqawi established in Iraq, initially composed of operatives who had been affiliated with it in Pakistan and Afghanistan, later enlisted operatives from Iraq, Syria and other Arab countries.
He had the following objectives: They were concerned that the indiscriminate killing of innocent Muslim civilians would erode public support for Al-Qaeda throughout the entire region. He refused, and his relations with the Al-Qaeda leadership deteriorated.
The terrorist-guerilla campaign of the branch of Al-Qaeda in Iraq was mainly carried out in and around Baghdad and in western Iraq.Assessing the ISIS - al-Qaeda Split: Introduction Over the past five months, critical events have occurred in the on-going dispute between al-Qaeda’s leadership and the Syrian-Iraqi jihadist group, the Islamic State of Iraq and Sham (ISIS).
al qaeda Essay. 1 The Base of Holy War- Al Qaeda in Al Qaeda, the most widely known terrorist network, was founded in by the mostwanted terrorist in America, Osama Bin Laden. It started off with three members and grewover the years. Groups such as Isis and al-Qaeda succeeded in gaining a degree of legitimacy for their cause, by dressing it as a twisted heavenly mission.
They are now viewed globally as Muslim fanatics rather than the hardened criminals, money launderers and drug lords that they are.
The dispute held the seeds of the tensions and rivalry between the branch of Al-Qaeda in Iraq and the central Al-Qaeda leadership, as it was manifested through ISIS’s independent actions and policy, and ISIS and the Al-Qaeda leadership headed by Ayman al .
One early Al-Qaeda recruit, the Moroccan L’Houissaine Kherchtou, was sent by the Al-Qaeda leadership to learn high-tech methods of surveillance from Abu Mohamed Al-Amriki (“The American”), the Egyptian-born American who was a key aide to bin Laden. 1 The Base of Holy War- Al Qaeda in Al Qaeda, the most widely known terrorist network, was founded in by the mostwanted terrorist in America, Osama Bin Laden.
It started off with three members and grewover the years.